Monday, September 2, 2019

Eclectus Digestive Tract

The Eclectus Digestive Tract: Finally Understood

For decades the Eclectus enthusiast has tried and tried to understand the unique dietary needs of their beloved companion birds. We have been told that due to their longer than usual digestive tract they need a high fiber diet, a higher fiber content than other Psittacines that is.

In comparison to other herbivores though the Eclectus parrot doesn’t require near as much fiber though because, obviously, parrots in general are much smaller creatures and therefore have much smaller digestive tracts. To say they need as much fiber flowing through their digestive tract as a cow, or a monkey or a human is thinking nonsense. The Eclectus is not truly herbivorous, it borders on frugivore/herbivore because it is a fruit-loving exotic bird.

And why would the Eclectus require more fiber running through its digestive tract simply because it has a longer digestive tract? Does it really have a longer digestive tract? And if so, what is the real reason for having a longer digestive tract?

I personally believe it is not because it has a longer digestive tract that it requires more fiber in its diet, but because it consumes more fruit that it has a longer digestive tract in which to extract all of the nutrients from the pectin fruit fiber. Do you see the subtle difference?

The Eclectus originates from an indigenous region that supplies an abundance of berries and fruit in the mid-canopy of the forest where the Eclectus prefers to spend most of its time. The Eclectus’ digestive tract is very efficient in digesting and absorbing nutrients from plant matter, especially the berries and fruit it consumes in the wild.

The digestive tract of the Eclectus is so efficient at absorbing nutrients that it can actually over-absorb nutrients from highly processed diets. This is one reason why the Eclectus does not do well on highly processed diets laden with synthetic nutrients; this species is one of the first species to begin showing problems with over-absorption of laboratory-produced nutrients, even though we are beginning to see this “HyperVitamin-Absorption Syndrome” in many species.

While it may appear that berries and fruit are high in the same kind of fiber that vegetables, grain and legumes are, they are not. The fiber contained in vegetables is mostly cellulose, a non-digestible fiber mostly laxative in action, and the fiber most present in grains is gluten and starch and the fiber most present in legumes is starch. Ah…but the fiber most present in berries and fruit is pectin, a very rich source of vitamins, minerals, fatty acids, essential carbohydrates, plant proteins and extremely high in anti-oxidants.

Pectin is a very valuable fiber in Nature and this could be exactly the kind of fiber the Eclectus’ digestive system is equipped to process; this could be exactly why their digestive system is longer than most other parrots. It’s quite possible that more time is needed for the proteases in plant proteins, specifically the proteases in berries and fruit, to break down the proteins in those foods for proper digestion, absorption and metabolism; ergo the longer digestive tract to allow more time in digestion. When there are not an abundance of other sources of protein such as animal protein, grains and legumes, the digestive tract may require a longer period of time in which to thoroughly break down the plant proteins for total absorption.

Therefore it is not that the Eclectus requires more fiber, it is that the Eclectus’ digestive system requires more time in which to digest, absorb and metabolize the high pectin fiber diet they are designed to consume.

Next time you perform a thorough research on the kind of indigenous plants that grow in Indonesia, the larger area in which the Eclectus originates from, look for the indigenous foods that are at the mid-canopy level where the Eclectus spends the vast amount of its time. I am not speaking of cultivated crops humans have brought in from other countries and have begun to grow there; I am talking about original, indigenous species of all plant matter. Most of the indigenous foods in the mid-canopy of the forest will be berries and fruit. These are the foodstuffs the Eclectus were originally meant to consume. And this is why their digestive tract is long by design, so their digestive tract has plenty of time in which to digest, absorb and metabolize all of the nutrients contained in the pectin of those berries and fruit.

Of course the Eclectus consumes the seed found in the berries and fruit, and they love the macadamia nuts that grow indigenously in their native land, they also consume some amount of tender leaves, grasses and herbs as well as some amount of insects and larvae they find burrowed in the berries, fruit, seed and nuts they consume.

But we have to keep things in perspective; the long digestive tract is not there to feed high fiber diets to, at least not the kind of fiber we think about when we hear the term “fiber”; the long digestive tract of the Eclectus is there to efficiently process the high amount of highly nutritious pectin diets the Eclectus is meant to consume.

Author Unknown

Sunday, August 11, 2019

Sweet Potato Muffins [birdie bread]

Sweet Potato Muffins [birdie bread]




In the USA, sweet potato's are often miss labeled. For parrots and yourself you want to use sweet potato that have an orange flesh. 


  • Ingredients:


  • 3 cups: of cooked, mashed sweet potato plus (including) one Banana mashed
  • 2 cups: flour (I did a combination of 1/2 rice flour, 1/2 Rye flour, 1 cup all                               purpose, unbleached wheat. You can use any combo or just one)
  • 2 tsp: cinnamon
  • 1 tsp: baking soda
  • 1/4 tsp: baking powder
  • 3/4 cup: apple sauce
  • 3: large eggs
  • 1 tsp: vanilla
  • 1 Tbls: fax seeds and/or chia seeds 

You may also add nuts if you prefer. I didn't for my batch.



Directions: 

In a large bowl combine the flour, cinnamon, baking soda, and baking powder. In a separate bowl, apple sauce, eggs, and vanilla. Stir the wet ingredients into the dry ingredients, and then add the sweet potato/banana mash. Add your seeds and or nuts if your using them
Pour into muffin tins/cups.  Bake at 350 for approximately 30 minutes.






Wholesome







Nutritious







 Nourishing












Thursday, August 8, 2019

Unweaned Baby Birds

Unweaned baby birds

pdsnonprofit


BABY BIRD OWNERS, please DO NOT take your babies home before they are COMPLETELY WEANED unless you are experienced baby birds. If you brought home an unweaned baby take it back to the breeder!


Before you go out and pick up an unweaned baby bird, realize that there is NO reason why an inexperienced hand-feeder should attempt to raise a baby bird. The idea that you can only form a strong bond with a parrot if you hand-feed them is simply untrue.

Unfortunately, it is only too common for unethical breeders to sell unweaned babies to customers telling them that it’s "for your own good! Your bird will not love you the same way without being hand-fed!” In reality, their motivations are purely selfish. An unweaned baby bird that can be sold faster is a better investment for a breeder, plain and simple. Weaning and hand-feeding are both difficult processes, even for experienced breeders, so the less time they have to spend feeding, housing, and socializing a baby bird is more money in their pocket.
pdsnonprofit

It’s no surprise that a good breeder will not even consider selling an unweaned baby unless the customer can prove that they have extensive experience with hand-feeding and the knowledge to identify and deal with potential problems - if they'll sell an unweaned bird at all. The worst breeders will shove new owners out the door with a little bit of formula and a “good luck with that!” attitude. To them, baby birds are commodities that net the most profits the faster they can churn them out. Luckily for them, too many inexperienced people are all too willing to buying a cute, fluffy unweaned baby, and have little to no knowledge of how to properly care for a bird in one of the most difficult and important stages of its life.

Baby birds die, become permanently harmed, or acquire terrible lifelong habits every day at the hands of well-meaning but inexperienced hand feeders. The causes are many, and most can be difficult to avoid given the finicky nature of baby birds. Some of the biggest problems that can occur with hand-feeding are:

1) Feeding complications:



Aspiration: Food can easily be pulled or pushed into a baby bird’s lungs and cause immediate death or infections like pneumonia.
Crop burn: Formula that is even a few degrees too warm can literally sear a hole right through a baby bird’s crop. If the bird does not die from the subsequent infection, life-saving surgery is often risky and expensive.
Crop stasis: On the other hand, formula that is a few degrees too cool can cause the baby bird’s crop to shut down. Food does not pass through it and can become impacted/rot causing bacterial or fungal infection.
Poor sterilization: Feeding utensils, syringes, mixing containers, and improperly stored formula all must be properly sterilized. If not sterilized properly after EVERY feeding, all of these can harbour and encourage dangerous bacterial growth.

2) Beak Deformities: 



Too much pressure during syringe feeding or beak cleaning can result in serious and permanent beak defects like scissor beak, overbites, etc.

3) Starvation: 


Weighing baby birds daily is extremely important to ensure they are not losing dangerous amounts of weight from underfeeding. It’s also critical to ensure that a baby is gaining enough weight and thus developing properly. Knowing just how much to feed AND how often is crucial because some chicks will not beg even when they are hungry. A novice may assume that a chick isn't hungry if it refuses feedings, but this can happen for something as inconsequential as a change in the brand of hand-feeding formula or the incorrect formula temperature. Additionally, others may fight being hand fed even when they are starving because they haven’t learned how to eat from a spoon or syringe. Finally, during the weaning process a young chick can sit in front of a bowl of food and starve to death as many chicks will refuse weaning foods if they are not being fed enough formula (i.e. if they are being force weaned).

4) Overfeeding: 


Many younger chicks will continue eating until the feeder stops feeding them rather than backing away when they are full. Overfeeding can lead to an impacted crop which requires veterinary action to correct. It can also cause the crop to become unnaturally stretched over time and result in folds or pouches that trap formula, allowing it to rot and grow bacteria. An inexperienced feeder may not be able to tell when a chick is full, and so cannot accurately judge when to stop feeding.


5) Improper Weaning: 


Baby birds that are not properly weaned will not learn the behaviors that make them enjoyable companions. The novice owner has no idea how to react to a screaming or begging baby and so this undesirable behavior can easily become the norm for that baby as it learns to beg or scream incessantly into maturity. Others inadvertently teach their baby birds to bite by improperly responding to the first inquisitive attempts of a baby to investigate with its beak. Even teaching a baby to eat a variety of foods can be challenging for those who have no experience doing so. Remember, weaning is a process, not an event. The beginning of the weaning period varies widely among species. All babies are individuals and wean slightly differently from each other. If these differences aren't accommodated, the chick's behavior and demeanor can be adversely affected. The bird's attitude toward food, his emotional development and his natural progression to food-independence will be retarded.

Finally, it’s true that in general, the BIGGEST problem faced by inexperienced hand-feeders is the simple fact that they are unable to recognize signs of trouble. They do not know what issues like crop stasis looks like, or what the proper weight of a baby should be, or how to handle a baby refusing formula. Because baby birds are so fragile and vulnerable it can be mere hours to minutes (in the case of aspiration) before a problem is serious enough to cause death.

Given these facts it is apparent that the task of hand-feeding and weaning a baby parrot is best left to the professionals. And if the tens of thousands of adopted birds out there are any indication, even mature adult parrots are still capable of forming strong, loving bonds with their owners. An important fact for all parrot owners to understand is that what creates a true bond is NOT who is providing the formula, or even who a bird first lives and interacts with. In the end, a bird is going to bond MOST strongly to the person or people that put in the time and effort to build a respectful and trusting relationship with them.

pdsnonprofit


So please, never ever consider buying an unweaned parrot. If you show up at a pet shop/breeder and the salesperson is trying to convince you to take an unweaned bird, it’s okay to say no! Even if you have put down a deposit OR were falsely told the baby was weaned, it is always better to stay safe and NOT encourage unethical breeding practices by giving these irresponsible breeders your money. Say no to unweaned birds, and help save the lives of thousands of baby parrots every single year.
Note :- due to a recent influx of posts from people who need help hand-feeding baby parrots, we've opted to make this post to explain what can go wrong when inexperienced people purchase unweaned birds. /u/budgiefacedkiller generously volunteered her expertise to write this PSA.

Author: Budgiefacedkiller
From Pam Bird

Thursday, August 1, 2019

Quick understanding of Mash [diy]

Quick understanding of Mash [diy]


Ram went beak first into a bowl full of Mash. 
Mash: pretty much home made baby food. Thats how we make it at our sanctuary anyways. After surgery sometimes parrots stop eating. Side effects from meds, the surgery itself or pain can all be the cause. When they need at this time is wholesome nutrition for a faster recover. We discovered that this Mash recipes is a great alternated to baby food. 

You can feed mash by adding it on top of chop, on top of birdie bread or with a spoon. Sometimes we just add it to their bowls. 

Since parrots seem to lack in vitamin A, we use sweet potato (orange flesh) with various of other veggies and fruit to provide a boost in vitamins, minerals and nutrients.

We start with steaming peeled, chopped sweet potato's. With the sweet potato we add guava or berries or broccoli and greens. 

Once they are completely cooked. More like over cooked, it goes into the food processor. Using the water under the steamer,  food processor the sweet potato's until a baby food consistency. 

You can add some flax seeds meal, almond meal for some extra protein, omega 3, and fat (yes fat is important).  











Thursday, April 11, 2019

Sweet Potato Crisp [Healthy Snack]

Sweet Potato Crisp
[Healthy Snack]

PDS
Pepper enjoying his first Sweet Potato Crisp


The most enjoyable thing to do is to enjoy a treat with your parrot. It helps us bond with each other, create a flock environment and creates a healthy relationship. I know what your thinking, thats a lot to ask from a sweet potato crisp recipe. But trust me on this. 


PDS
Lotus helping himself to the Sweet Potato Mixutre

Recipe:

I got two sweet potato, cook them any way you wish. 
Mashed I had around 9 oz. 

Sweet potato has a lot of moisture. So first I got 5 almonds and 1 tsp of flax seed and grind them in my spice mix. Add to sweet potato. 

One tsp of chia seeds, flax seeds, hemp hearts, millet, sesame seeds, cinnamon, and red chill flakes. 

Yes you can add more or less or anything ingredient you wish or your parrots needs. 

I greased a small cookie sheet, 11 by 14. 

I took the mixture and spread it thin on the cookie sheet. 

Then baked at 350 for 50 minutes. 


Its very healthy treat for humans and parrots.

PDS
Sweet Potato Crisp


Tuesday, February 5, 2019

Banana oat muffins recipe [ Healthy Food]

Healthy banana muffin recipe [ healthy food]


Ingredients

2 cups  flour (whole wheat, rye, spelt or combo of flour)
1/4 cup old-fashioned oats plus more for sprinkling on top
1 teaspoon baking soda
1/2 teaspoon cinnamon
1/4 teaspoon salt.
1 cup packed mashed ripe bananas
2 eggs ( if your birds are getting to much eggs, or for vegan parrots 😁, substitute with chia seeds or flax seed meal) * see note below
1/3 cup Apple sauce
1/4 cup water
1 teaspoon vanilla extract
1/2 cup walnuts

Directions:

Preheat oven to 350 degrees F. Grease muffin tin with butter or cooking spray or line with liners. Set aside.

In a large bowl, Combine the flour, oats, baking soda, cinnamon, and salt. Set aside.

In another large bowl, beat the mashed bananas, eggs, honey, olive oil, milk, and vanilla. Add the dry ingredients and mix until fully combined. Do not over-mix. Add nuts at this point.

Divide mixture evenly into 12 muffin cups. Sprinkle with rolled oats and cinnamon if desired.Bake muffins for 20 to 25 minutes, or until a toothpick inserted into a muffin comes out clean.



*Note substitute eggs. Place two tablespoons of flax seed meal or chia seeds  in 6 tablespoons of water. Let it sit for 10 to 15 minutes until it has become a gel. 

Tuesday, December 11, 2018

Christmas Cookies for your Parrots [ Healthy Treats]

Christmas Cookies for your Parrots

[Healthy Treats]




Not only are these cookies healthy, great source of vitamin A, but they smell, Oh so Divine! During the holiday seasons, it's a great idea to bake for your parrots and birds. I know they want to dig into the shortbread cookies and the gingerbread house, so why not bake a special cookie just for them. 

This cookie insures they are getting something healthy, has nutrients and will be flavorful for our parrots. Not only this but this will allow our feathery friends to join in with all the festivities. 

You can change the flavor by simply using pumpkin or another squash, add crushed berries or apples. If your using mash pumpkin, you will need two cans for this recipe. 

First time I made these cookies, I guess I had to much sweet potato so my batter was moist and I couldn't shape them into fun Christmas shapes. 

However I adjusted the recipe, for it to be handled better. This cookies dough should be great to create cut out shapes. If you do find it to be to moist, just add more flour. 

Its such a easy, easy recipe, you can not try it. 

Ingredients: 

3 sweet potato cooked 
1 cup flour (any kind) 
1/4 tsp cinnamon
1/4 tsp vanilla

Directions:


Preheat  oven to 350 

Cook your sweet potato, microwave, steam or oven. 

Mash your sweet potato in a bowl, add flour, cinnamon and vanilla. 

Use a scoop to measure out cookies on a cookie tray which is lightly sprayed with cooking oil. 

bake for 30 minutes or until the edges are golden brown. 



More Recipes:





Monday, November 19, 2018

Calcium Deficiency in parrots [pet health]

Calcium Deficiency in parrots [pet health]

Calcium deficiency, or hypocalcaemia, is very common in parrots. Calcium is a mineral and even though it is the most abundant mineral in animal bodies,  including parrots, its insufficient absorption rate causes the deficiency.


Calcium is needed for skeleton strengthening, muscle contraction, blood clotting, and egg shell formation. Calcium is a co-factor for many enzymes to function and also hormones secretion and can effect the muscles, heart and nerves.

So if calcium is so abundant, why do parrots become calcium deficient? 


Sunlight. One of the main issues is no sunlight. Parrots need sunlight for absorption of vitamin D3. Vitamin D3 is a very important vitamin which helps absorption of the calcium by the body. Without sunlight, or vitamin D3, the calcium can't be absorbed and therefore calcium deficiency occurs.

Second is oxalates. Greens, nuts and other food which are high in calcium have oxalates compound. These compounds bind to calcium making then insoluble, in other words, unable for parrots to absorb by digestion.

Depending on the severity of this deficiency, it can become life threatening and/or serious illness can emerge.


Prevention of Calcium Deficiency

No, not supplements. An adequate diet with plenty of sunlight or a full spectrum bulb.  Supplements can do more harm than good. The best way to insure your parrot's well being is by providing fresh food daily. There are many fresh food with high amounts of Calcium


Feeding your parrots with fresh food will natural help them keep their vitamin levels normal and no need for supplements. (Unless there's a medical issue)


Hypocalcaemia

Never go crazy on Vitamin supplements, because to much calcium (or any vitamin) can also cause server damage. Hypercalcaemia, or elevated calcium levels, can cause serious toxicity and be fatal. Symptoms include vomiting, pain, unable to lay eggs, kidney stones.


It is always important to follow direction and not over dose if your doctor do recommended supplements.


Reference: 


avianmedicine.net/wp-content/uploads/2013/03/calcium.pdf
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/9929897


Tuesday, August 21, 2018

Wholesale

For wholesale prices, please contact  pds.contactus@gmail.com

https://pdsparrottoys.blogspot.com/
Minimal order of $250
25% off retail prices

There is no print catalog since we are always making new designs.  Please look at our toys under the parrot toy tabs.

Thursday, August 2, 2018

Quick Understanding of Parrot Chop [diy]

Quick Understanding of Parrot Chop [diy]



If you just got yourself into the parrot world, chop is one word you might be hearing, a lot. If your already in the parrot world, welcome to new parrot chop recipes.  




What is a chop diet?

Why birdie chop? 

Im here to answer all these questions and more. 

Parrot chop is basically, chopped up veggies, greens, mixed with cooked grains. The object is to chop up ingredients small enough so your parrot won't be able to select its favorite food item; however, your parrot might not like it finely chopped, in that case do as your parrot wish. Different chop recipes will do things differently, but simply put, chop is fresh food for parrots.

Parrot owners are making homemade chop to provide their parrots with a complete nutrition - fresh food meals. I and most other parrot owners try to add a rainbow of ingredients into their bird chop recipe.

The great thing about birdie chop is you can just use anything you have in hand. If you only have one grain, a few veggies and red chill flakes, that can easily be turned into chop. 

Before you start making parrot chop, there are a few things you should considered. 

1) Your parrots favorite veggies
2) How big is your flock
3) Does your parrot like defrosted chop or fresh 
4) Does your parrot like finely chopped or not
5) How often can you cook Chop
6) Do you have enough room to freeze chop



Just like everything else in life, one parrot chop recipe doesn't fit all. You will have to experiment, see what works for you. 

My advice will be to start with 1 or 2 grains, 3 veggies/greens, red chill flakes and one herb. 

Make a small batch bird chop. There is no need to collect 20 different ingredients and then realize your parrots don't like broccoli and there goes your batch of chop. Start small, see when they like to eat it (because they might not like chop in the mornings, only dinner time), what they like or don't like. Do they like it finely chopped or does it have to be finely chopped in food processor? 

Some recipes calls for freezing chop, but if your parrot doesn't like mushy veggies, then freezing it isn't an option for you. 

Also remember if your parrots like your chop recipe today, tomorrow they won't.  

Now that you have more questions about your parrots than answers and are feeling overwhelmed. Lets go more deeper into parrot chop. 


Flock size and numbers:
This is easy to understand. Larger parrots will eat more than smaller ones. If you have a larger flock, you will need to cook more chop. 

Second, larger parrots might favor knife chopped veggies more than food processed (finely chopped) others may not. Experiment to see what works best. 

You do not want chunks of veggies because then they can eat around its. The idea is the have it small enough, so your parrot can't pick and choose what to eat. Unless, your parrot is actually a pig and will eat anything.

Bad eating habits:
If your parrot is used to a certain food, like sunflower seeds, changing diets can be tricky. One way you can help change diet change is by adding a few sunflower, or pellets to the chop. 

Your parrot will see or smell their favorite food and in the process might try out some of the veggies. 

If your parrot loves apples, add apples or apple sauce to your chop.

Remember Chop is a beautiful open concept to help you provide a complete nutrition meal to your parrots. Feel free to change any recipe, to fit your needs. 


Freezing Chop: 
You may or may not wish to freeze chop. I prefer not to freeze. One batch of chop last maximum three days in the fridge. 

If you wish to freeze chop, there are a few things to consider. 

1) Do you have room in your freezer?

2) It is best to air tight when freezing veggies. So you might want to consider vacuum seal or other air tight containers. Uncovered in the freeze, your chop will get freezer burn FAST.

3) Chop will last maximum 3 months in the freezer. 

4) Will you parrots like defrosted chop?

When making chop to freeze, remember you want to chop to be as dry. Remember to dry all your veggies, greens. Your cooked grains should be as dry as possible. 

Fruit adds moisture. So you might want to consider not adding fruit to your freezer chop. 

Consider adding Flax seeds and Chia seeds. Even Flax meal. These will absorb any extra moisture. Adding leftover pellet powder is also another way to make your chop dryer. 

I know some recipes calls for dry fruit or veggies, they do absorb the moisture, but its extra sugar your adding to chop and other chemicals like sulfate. I don't add any dry fruit or veggies. 





Now for the most famous list of all,  foods to avoid. If you haven't seen this list already, then the parrot community isn't doing their job. So let me show it to you. 

Foods to avoid


AlcoholApple seedsAvocado
Caffeine
Chocolate
Junk Food
Salt
Stone fruit pits
Raw dairy (milk, fresh cheese, ice cream)
Raw onions
Raw mushrooms

Rhubarb





For parrot chop you can use almost any ingredient, but there are a few suggestions: 

Grains: rice, quinoa, pasta, spelt, amaranth, farro, barley, buckwheat, millet, cooked beans and lentils.

Veggies: carrots, sweet potatoes, any orange squash, green peppers, jalapeños, zucchini, broccoli, coconut, parsnips, snap peas, corn, green beans

Think orange: cook carrots, cooked sweet potato and or cooked squash 

Now for orange veggies, we need to cook them. We can add them to our boiling water at the beginning of our cook time. The reason is that cooking them increases the beta carotene which is what we are looking for as nutrition value. Beta carotene is converted into Vitamin A in animal bodies. For more information about cooking orange veggies, follow the link.

Sweet potato are not to be consumed raw, because they are hard on digestion. Cooking them eliminates this effect. 

Greens: carrot tops, beet tops, celery leaves, cabbage, kale, spinach, collard greens, Swiss chard, cilantro, dandelion greens

Seeds/herbs/spices: flax Seeds, chia seeds, hemp seeds, rape seeds, celery seeds, fennel seeds, rosemary, oregano, basil, coriander, cumin, turmeric, red chill flakes

Yes you guessed it:

Special ingredient list: bee pollen, dried rose buds, echinacea herb, milk thistle seed, elder berry & flower, lavender flower, barberry root.


Recipe:

Now all is left is to try it out. Here is my favorite recipe, with additional notes so you can change it as you wish:


Ingredients

1/4 cup of grains   (can be a mix of grains, or just one)
5 cups of water 
2 cups of veggies chopped   (mix of veggies)
1 sweet potato, peeled, cubed
2 bunches of greens/fresh herbs   (can be a mix of few or just one)
1 Tbsp Flax seeds
1 Tbsp chai seeds
1 Tbsp red chill flakes 
A punch of bee pollen

Directions: 
  1. Boil your water 
  2. Add your grains and sweet potato to the water, let it boil for 5 minutes. Turn off the heat and let the grain cook in the hot water. After 20 minutes, strain the grains/sweet potatoes.
  3. Mix your veggies, greens and seeds/herb mix with your grains and sweet potatoes.
  4. Sprinkle with bee pollen

Prepare your greens/Fresh herbs: 
  1. Roughly chop your greens and then finely chop them in food processor.  (if using nuts, you can add them with your greens and finely chop them) **

Prepare your Seed/Herbs/species.
  1. Mix all your seeds, and dried herbs together. 


*If you have whole flax seeds, you can grind them in a specie  or coffee grinder, to make fresh flax seed meal. 

** my parrots like their veggies knife chopped. You can also finely chop your veggies into the food processor with your greens


Flavors my Parrots love for their Birdie Chop: 

Indian: 
Coriander and cumin seeds powder (*you can grind yourself) with red chill flakes and fresh ginger. 

Mexican: Cumin and paprika with fresh or dry oregano.

Italian: Fennel seeds or fresh fennel, lavender flowers, with fresh or dry basil and oregano.



Here are a few bird chop recipes: 



How to make your own Birdie Chop made Easy and Simple. 
Just follow the the simple steps and you will have your chop ready in no time. 

https://pdsnonprofit.blogspot.com